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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Though it has no symptoms, high blood pressure, or hypertension, can be fatal without treatment. Hypertension increases the chance of stroke, heart attack, and other issues. Of adults with hypertension, almost half are unaware of it.

Thus, regular visits are really vital.

Medication, exercise, and dietary modifications will help you maintain your blood pressure within normal range.

High blood pressure is the condition whereby the force of blood pushing against your artery walls is regularly too strong.

Over time, this compromises your arteries and can cause major problems, including stroke and heart attacks. Another title for this prevalent disorder is “hypertension.”

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Whether I have high blood pressure is something I wonder about.

The only way to find out whether your blood pressure is excessively high is to have it taken. Even if you feel well, you should consult a healthcare professional for a yearly examination.

High blood pressure will not cause you to feel ill. These visits are therefore vital and can literally save lives.

Should your blood pressure fall outside the usual range, your provider will advise lifestyle modifications and/or drugs to bring your readings down.

Define high blood pressure here.

Where you live will somewhat affect the definition of high blood pressure. In the United States, high blood pressure—hypertension—is defined as either a top number (systolic blood pressure) of at least 130 mmHg or a bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) of at least 80 mmHg.

Healthcare providers in Europe describe hypertension as either a top number of at least 140 mmHg or a bottom value of at least 90 mmHg.

Is high blood pressure quite common?

A common occurrence is high blood pressure. Of American adults, it influences 47% of them. This comes to around 116 million people. Of those, 37 million have blood pressure at least 140/90 mmHg.

In the United States, high blood pressure either caused or added to roughly 670,000 fatalities in 2020.

According to the World Health Organization, over 1.2 billion people between the ages of 30 and 79 worldwide are estimated to have hypertension. Two in three of those people live in low- or middle-income nations.

Causes and Symptoms

High blood pressure has what symptoms and signs?

Generally speaking, elevated blood pressure produces no symptoms or indicators. Doctors thus refer to it as a “silent killer.” For years, you might have high blood pressure and not know it. The World Health Organization believes, in fact, that 46% of people with hypertension are unaware they have it.

Your blood pressure should be 180/120 mmHg or above; symptoms including headaches, heart palpitations, or nosebleeds could result. This high blood pressure signifies a hypertensive crisis needing quick medical attention.

Is genetic in nature high BP?

Scientists think high blood pressure is caused in part by heredity. You run extra danger of acquiring high blood pressure yourself if one or more of your close biological family members have it.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is high BP checked for?

By measuring elevated blood pressure with an arm cuff, healthcare professionals can make diagnosis. Usually, providers at yearly visits and other appointments check your blood pressure.

Should your readings on two or more visits be high, your provider could advise you that you have high blood pressure. To find likely causes, they will discuss your lifestyle and medical background.